Our main forestry production is in Romania, where we produce firewood and timber.

We use sustainable forest management practices, which involves creating long-term management plans for each stand in our forests.

We do not clear-cut, instead we use a continuous cover forestry system which uses natural regeneration and succession to replace harvested trees.



Harvesting forest products operates on the principle of thinning from below – small malformed trees are removed first (thinned) to give valuable trees access to sunlight, thus facilitating growth. Logs produced from thinning are typically too small to be used as timber, so they are sold as firewood.

Firewood produced from sustainably managed forests is considered a carbon neutral energy source. This is because the sequestration of carbon by the forest as it grows, off-sets carbon emitted from the burning of firewood.

Thinning continues typically until the stand reaches maturity – oak matures at 120-years-old while beech matures at 110-years-old.



Once a stand in our forests reaches maturity, the stand is harvested in three successive cuts spaced out over a 30-year cycle to produce high-quality oak, beech, maple, cherry, ash and spruce timber.

When selecting trees for harvest we choose trees that have an established seed bank underneath them, so once the mature trees are removed the seedlings grow into the gap. At the following harvest cycles we enlarge this gap to give the seedings more space and thus continuing the cycle of natural forest regeneration.

Selective cutting ensures continual forest cover so that the forest continues to provide multiple ecosystem services such as water purification, nutrient cycling, carbon capture and soil accumulation.